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Wednesday, February 1, 2012

Traditional Teaching Method vs. Now!


Traditional Teaching Method vs. Now!

            Nowadays, traditional and modern teaching methods become a hot topic in education. One of the examples is to motivate student in the learning process. There are differences of traditional activities methods and modern teaching activities methods in the learning process to motivate students in the classroom. Now many teachers do not understand which one of them is better in the learning process. Which is useful method in this era between traditional teaching activities methods and modern teaching activities methods or both of them?

            Traditional teaching activities methods refers to the learning process activities. How they teach and explain in the learning activities is. The examples of traditional teaching activities methods are using games and singing a song in the classroom or out of the class. Many people have other definition about traditional teaching activities methods. They think if traditional teaching activities methods is only teaching in front of the class and open book, and then they teach with read word for word from their overhead, give assignment to their student to take a note from their book, after that the teacher sit down with their own busies, and then surprisingly give a test to the student. So, the students only waste time and do not get more facilitator and understanding about the lesson. Actually, student already have   the lesson book and they only need to read it at home. After that, if they have a question just ask it when the teacher explaining in the class. Then, the fact is not. It is call like teacher center not student center, isn’t it? For example, one European respondent said, “. . . both a more cross-curricular and more affective approach is easier to put into practice and to observe at the primary level than at the secondary level where the ‘objectivity’ and the subject bound instruction have, traditionally, a stronger emphasis.” Similarly, a respondent from another part of the world said, “. . .at lower levels of schooling attitudes and values are emphasized as well as knowledge and understanding; while, at the upper secondary level, instruction is pretty much knowledge based with only some work on attitudes." From other resource stated “A number of extracurricular UNESCO and UNICEF clubs and Model United Nations programs were reported to be in operation in various countries. In addition, student travel programs were reported in Africa, Asia, Europe, and North America. One of the most interesting was the South Asian Association of Regional Countries (SAARC) that sponsors exchange programs for secondary students between Pakistan, Bangladesh, India, Sri Lanka, and Bhutan. While it was reported that the majority of teachers used traditional methodologies in their classrooms, there were some efforts reported that promoted more progressive teaching methods. The following were methodologies which were mentioned: active learning, critical thinking, cooperative learning, discovery learning, experiential method, inquiry, integration, performance assessment, problem solving method, project method, reflective thinking, and simulation and role play.” For whom as a teacher who using traditional teaching activities methods must know and understand about modern teaching activities methods deeply.

            Today, the methods for teaching activities have been changing to modern teaching activities methods. The changes already prove by using technology in the learning activities such as using films and other audio-visuals, speakers, computers, using PowerPoint, internet, instructional software, etc. The teacher, who using modern teaching activities methods, usually they teach professionally to their student. They already prepared the entire program or machine that they need in the class. They always make a game to motivate student, make online assignment, submit assignment using email, make announcement online, using media or machines to make simple easy way to teach and the student more understand, etc. Student maybe will be more motivate if who as a teacher using modern technology in their class activities. Then now, teacher still do not know how to integrated technology in their class activities. Most of Indonesian people are still having problem with this. They do not have cost and facilitation to buy and use it. Maybe they still have a concept if technology is only computer. The kind of technology is so much. Such as radio, hand phone, calculator, translator, speaker, etc. Teacher can use them. Not only computer, computer, and computer to delivered the lesson. There is resource that stated “There are legitimate and important reasons for the use of expository methodologies. After all, teachers have knowledge or know where it can be found in books, films, on the Internet, and so forth. Students can benefit from having such knowledge. In far too many classrooms of the world, however, the problem is that expository teaching is all there is, and students are less than fully engaged in their own learning, particularly when dealing with abstract concepts. Global education, by its very nature, tends to promote the use of more progressive teaching methods. Because of this, it holds particular promise as a strategy for school improvement.” Using modern teaching activities methods are usually making student center not teacher center. Just be motivated, creative, and innovative.

            Traditional teaching activities methods and modern teaching activities methods have many differences and similarities. The similarities both of them are method to motivate the student in the learning activities. Such as playing game, using machine or tool to make the student easier, give the lesson with unique and creative ways, etc. Then the differences in traditional teaching activities methods are still using manual or not using technology and using traditional tool to deliver the lesson, limited method cause of the limited tool and facilitation, can not be developed, confusion game rules and real life rules, learning versus having fun, in efficient learner, etc. Then, the differences in modern teaching activities method are using modern tool, so many instructional software, more motivate student, save teacher time, making student explore their knowledge, the game can simulation and it can more easier the student, giving each student change to try individually, easier to submit anything faster and compress time, etc. Then there is resource that wrote “….Kolb (1984), “learner-centered learning” is student participation in the learning and teaching process, where students themselves engage with and, to an extent, create their own learning experience. Learner-centered learning changes the focus from teaching to learning, and from students acquiring and processing knowledge to students actively, independently and critically creating meaning for them. The role of teachers in student-centered learning will become that of guides and mentors helping students access, interpret, organize and transfer knowledge to solve authentic problems, while students gain expertise not only in the content areas being studied, but also in learning. In fact teachers become more like a guide on the side of helping students to find answers to real life problems.” Teacher can use both of them and sure, they have advantage and disadvantage by using them like stated above.

The differences using traditional and modern teaching methods are still make confusing. Where and when teacher can use is. Who as a teacher have to know clearly and deeply about traditional and modern teaching methods is. Of course, motivating, creative, and innovative is the key to teach well. Teacher can use both of them and sure, they have advantage and disadvantage by using them. One of the examples in using traditional teaching activities methods is when the teacher can not using modern teaching activities in the learning process when in the region that not support. Teacher can collaborate both of Traditional teaching activities methods and modern teaching activities methods in the learning activities.

References:

Kolb, D. A. (1984). Experiential Learning: Experience as the Source of Learning and Development. Englewood Cliffs: Prentice Hall.
Student Handbook. (2011). Information and Communication Technology For Engage Learning (ESM111): Topic 3 ppt.1.pdf
Student Handbook. (2011). Integrated English Language Learning 3 (EAP121): Week 14 Academic Presentation 1. p.137-143